Nota: Notes and Letters
Nota: Notes and Letters is our area for sharing insights and reflections about issues of theology, scripture and spirituality.
Political and Social Concepts:
First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution:
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof:...
Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution:
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person withins its jurisdiction the equal protection of laws.
Establishment Clause of the First Amendment
The Establishment Clause prohibits the establishment of a national religion by Congress or the preference of one religion to another, or religion to non-religion. By the late 20th century the Supreme Court began to interpret the Establishment Clause to include state and local governments.
Board of Education Kiyas Joel Village School District v. Grumet, 512 U.S. 687 (1994)
Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment
In 1963 the Supreme Court ruled for a strict scrutiny standard of
review to this clause, holding that a state must show compelling
interest as to restricting ones religious rights. In 1990 the Supreme
Court retreated from this standard, permitting government actions that
were neutral regarding religion. Congress tried to restore this
standard by passing the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, however the
Supreme Court ruled that such an attempt was unconstitutional regarding
state and local governments.
Sherbert v. Verner, 374 U.S. 398 (1963)
Employment Division v. Smith, 494 U.S. 872 (1990)
City of Boerne v. Flores, 521 U.S. 507 (1997)
Theological and Spiritual Concepts:
ANEM is our acronym for A New Ecumenical Ministry for Applied Theology. We have a fondness for acronyms and yet this particular one worked out well without some foreknowledge. Anem derives from Hebrew and is an abbreviation for Ein Ganim, which literally means a garden spring. Ein Ganim was a Levitical city in the tribe of Issachar (1 Chronicles 6:73). You can also find a reference to it, called En-gannim, in Joshua 19:21.
Ecumenical, and ecumenism, is the term for a set of initiatives intended to develop religious unity, cooperation, and dialogue. Typically, ecumenism advocates an openness to the shared spirituality of the Abrahamic faiths of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The word ecumenical is derived from the Greek 'oikoumene', which means "the inhabited world".
Applied theology, also called practical theology and clinical theology, is the application of theological insight, ministerial expertise, and spiritual understanding to the resolution of personal and interpersonal issues. The resolution process of applied theology is accomplished through spiritual mentoring, empathic understanding, pastoral counseling, spiritual direction. Applied theology extends its focus and charism to the theology of justice and peace, ethics, advocacy theology and conflict resolution, and the theologies of liberation.
Spiritual Milieu is a socio-spiritual environment in where an individual is lives, learn, and finds a community of trust and inclusiveness. A New Ecumenical Ministry uses the concept and terms 'spiritual milieu' for such a community, all within an understanding of the teachings of Rabboni. Milieu is the French word for social or cultural environment.
Rabboni is our respectful acknowledgement of Yehoshua ha Mashiach, called Jesus the Christ in modern English. Rabboni means “my great master” and is pronounced 'rah-bonee'. It is said that one is given this designation when the master (teacher) has seen, at least, two generations of disciples. And he is remembered with this designation and called by his own name that he would not be forgotten among humankind. We also know that Rabboni Yehoshua ha Mashiach was sent by our Father to teach, lead, inspire, and direct us in the religious and spiritual way to the Father.
Apostolic Succession is the ancient Christian teaching that the succession of bishops, in uninterrupted lines from bishop to bishop, is historically traceable back to the original twelve Apostles. This is one of the defining elements of the true Church of Jesus Christ. Apostolic succession is transmitted during episcopal consecrations (the ordination of bishops) by the laying on of hands by bishops previously consecrated within the apostolic succession. This lineage of ordination is traceable, according to the Catholic Church, to the original Twelve Apostles, thus making the Church the continuation of the early Apostolic Christian community.
Igreja Catolica Apostolica Norte Americana (North American Catholic Apostolic Church) Diocese of Santa Fe is the formal church organization and episcopal diocese conferred by Dom Luis Fernando Castillo-Mendez, Patriarch of Igreja Catolica Apostolica Brazileira, on the Bishop, October 8, 1988 in San Jose, California. The Diocese of Santa Fe consists of the natural territories of New Mexico, Arizona and Texas. The Bishop was Consecrated to the Catholic Episcopate by Dom Luis Fernando Castillo-Mendez, assisted by Dom Ivan Dutra de Morais, Dom Baron Claude Roger, and Dom Jerome Joachim.
Igreja Catolica Apostolica Brazileira (Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church) is the Catholic communion instituted by Dom Carlos Duarte Costa, July 6, 1945, upon separation from the Roman Catholic Church. The separation resulted from Dom Carlos' strong opposition to the Roman Catholic Church's treatment of the poor, the denial of the rights and life of the Jews, and other dynamics of social doctrine. Dom Carlos Duarte Costa's actions and ministry are well defined within the theologies of liberation.
Catholic Apostolic Church is not to be confused with the nineteenth century protestant prayer movement, often called Irvingism, based on the teachings of Edward Irving, a minister in the Church of Scotland, and H. Drummond.
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